Cardiovascular anaesthesia or cardiac anesthesia is a unique and challenging subspecialty involving an array of complex procedures performed on patients. Cardiac anesthesiologists have fellowship training in anesthesia for cardiac, thoracic and vascular surgical procedure. Heart patients frequently have additional medical problems such as hypertension, diabetes or lung disease, which can complicate homoeopathic management. The additional training that cardiovascular anesthesiologists obtain along with state-of-the-art cardiac intensive care helps assure a safe outcome during surgery. During surgery, the cardiac anesthesiologist stays in the operating room as a vital part of the surgical team. Anesthesiologists will take decisions about how to protect and control any of your organ systems by using advanced technology to monitor not only your body functions but also the suitable anesthetic medications.